E-1 Visa: Treaty Trader Visa
What is an E-1 Visa?
If you’re like many people, you qualify to come to the U.S. as an E-1 nonimmigrant – but what is an E-1 visa, and what does it cover?
This guide explains E-1 visas, including who qualifies for this type of business visa, how to get one, and additional information regarding family members and special circumstances.
Who Qualifies for an E-1 Visa?
E-1 visas are limited to people who meet certain criteria. Generally, you must:
- Be a national of a country with which the U.S. maintains a treaty of commerce and navigation
- Carry on substantial trade
- Carry on principal trade between the U.S. and the treaty country that qualified you for E-1 classification
In order to qualify for E-1 classification as an employee of a treaty trader, you must:
- Be of the same nationality as your principal employer, who must have the nationality of the treaty country
- Meet the official definition of an employee under the law
- Be engaging in duties that can be considered executive or supervisory, or have special qualifications (if you’re not engaging in executive or supervisory duties)
If you employer is not an individual, it has to be an enterprise or organization that’s at least half-owned by people in the U.S. who have the same nationality as the treaty country. The owners must maintain nonimmigrant treaty trader status. If the owners aren’t present in the U.S., they must be classifiable as nonimmigrant treaty traders.