What You Need to Know About the L-1A New Office Petition Process
If you are trying to open a new office in the U.S. and therefore transfer an executive or manager to work in the U.S., we can walk you through the process. Davis & Associates provides expert legal counsel for all aspects of business immigration law including the L-1A New Office Petition Process. Here is a brief summary of the L-1A New Office Petition process and types of documentation that is needed.
Who Can Set Up an L-1 New Office in the U.S.?
An L-1A Beneficiary needs to have been employed in an executive or managerial position with the foreign entity for at least one year within the last three years.
- Managing multiple degreed professionals and other managers of the foreign business.
- Exercising wide discretionary authority over the operations of the foreign entity.
- Managing a branch or division of the foreign entity.
We generally like to see that L-1A managers/executives oversee at least 15-20 employees.
Employment for a year or more in a specialized knowledge capacity may also work in some instances, but the majority of L-1 New Office filings are generally more successful with managers or executives even though the law allows for “Specialized Knowledge” transfers.
What Type of Business Do You Want to Run?
You can set up any kind of business you want. Ideally, it would be similar to what the foreign company does, but it does not have to be. You must be able to use and apply your education and experience with the foreign employer to carry out the job functions in the U.S. Similar industries help to demonstrate this.
Things to consider:
- Start-up expenses: Start-up capital is the amount of money you estimate you will need to open the doors. This includes commercial office space to rent, furniture, goods, inventory, computers and other office equipment, needed to start the business. These expenses should be paid by the foreign entity.
- Employees: How many employees will you hire? What will their titles and job duties be?
These are all things to consider in advance of the filing. You need to have a plan to hire ideally at least 10 full-time employees within one year. Otherwise, an extension of the L-1A petition may be challenging.
How to Form a Legal Entity in the U.S.
Before we can file the L-1 Petition, you must form a company here in the U.S. You need to decide if the U.S. business will be a subsidiary of the overseas office (more than 51% owned by the foreign Parent) or if the two entities will be Affiliates (same ownership structure).
Note: If you select Affiliates, the same owners must own the same or very similar percentage of each entity. For example, if Mr. Jones owns 45% of the foreign entity and Mr. Peters owns 65% of the foreign entity, they must both own similar percentages of the U.S. entity. Davis & Associates can help you determine what ownership structure best suits your business needs and objectives.
You then need to form the company in the state where the Company will conduct business. The most common options are a corporation (Inc.) and a limited liability company (LLC). Either works fine for L-1. You must speak with a CPA to determine which option works better for you and your business plan.
We can connect you with our trusted providers for business formation and tax ID services if you don’t already have someone that can help you.
Opening a U.S. Bank Account for the Business
After the company is formed and tax ID is obtained, you will need to open a U.S. corporate bank account for the company. Ideally, you would transfer the funds for the start-up expenses to this bank account to facilitate the payments directly from the company office outside the U.S.
Securing a Location for the Business
Before we file the case, you must have the premises secured for the business operation. For example, if you are starting a Web Development company, you must identify and have either a lease or at least a letter of intent with a landlord for suitable space large enough to accommodate all of the staff you intend to hire to operate the business.
What Is Your Business Plan?
The most valuable piece of evidence in the L-1A New Office Petition submission is the business plan. We have relationships with excellent service providers to help with this requirement. You’re welcome to use whoever you would like to for the business plan, including software programs that can help you do it yourself, but we recommend you work with one of the companies we regularly use for that purpose.
At a minimum, the business plan must include the following:
- An explanation about who you are as an investor and what the international company is about.
- An overview of the business idea.
- Feasibility study for the area in which you intend to operate.
- Execution plan, including operations, marketing, and administration.
- Hiring plan for 5 years – ideally, you would have at least 10 full-time employees by the end of year one.
- Financial projections for 5 years.
What Will Your Title Be?
L-1A Executive/Manager must be a high-ranking employee within the U.S. company and responsible for managing multiple degreed professionals and other managers of the foreign business; exercising wide discretionary authority over the operations over the U.S. company; hiring and firing the U.S. staff, among other requirements.
We generally like to see that L-1A managers/executives will oversee at least 15-20 employees in the U.S. Mid-level managerial positions or first-line supervisor type positions are not generally suitable for L-1A transfer to the U.S.
Speak to a Trusted Immigration Advisor Today
This baseline summary covers the most important elements of the L-1A New Office process, but there is a lot more effort that goes into preparing and submitting an L-1A New Office filing. That is why our lawyers are here to help you every step of the way.
Call us today at (214) 997-6851 for our Dallas office or (713) 322-8646 for our Houston office to book an appointment to speak with an experienced attorney at Davis & Associates. We look forward to helping you with your new business ventures.